Intro to Analysis Research Papers (fun!)

When thinking of my final genre for our experiment cycles, I wanted to focus on one that would allow me to substantiate my Experiment 2 genre, a podcast script. While writing my podcast script, I strongly felt it would be the most effective way for me to communicate the message and purpose of my origin piece. However, to ameliorate my podcast script I decided I needed to really focus in on my opinions about the matter, and provide some factual analysis to prove my points. This analysis should focus on Bollywood, how Indian media portrays women in other films, and a connection between how women in Indian society are treated and valued. Here’s where analytical research papers come in. 

Analytical research papers come from an unanswered question that leads to exploration of a larger subject. In my experiment, my unanswered question is as follows: How does Bollywood’s portrayal of women in media influence the way everyday Indian women are seen? To answer, I would evaluate primary and secondary sources to create a holistic view of the topic at hand. A full compilation of research then leads into creating a thesis that may or may not match the hypothesis I’ve had all of my life (a.k.a, Bollywood’s portrayal of women sexualizes them in an awful way).

That being said, one of the largest and only conventions of analysis research papers is using reliable and acclaimed primary and secondary sources to build an effective, logic-based argument (and citing these sources using MLA!). 

Another important aspect of analysis research papers to consider is the audience as it heavily sways the diction, style, and tone of your writing. If my paper was going to be sent to a group of South Asian study professors, I would be writing in a much more topicalized and specific manner than I would to our Writing 220 class. Since our class does not have much background with my topic, the sexualization of women in Indian media, a lot of my research and analysis will tie into explaining context as well. 

Some other conventions of analysis research papers to consider are avoiding basing your argument on opinions, writing in the present tense, and using MLA citations. Additionally (and almost too obviously), a writer should not be focusing on literary devices or artistic flow in their writing, but rather concision, a logical-flow, and a tone that helps create the purpose of their paper. In general, there are not many other conventions of analysis research papers since the paper itself is so individualized. 

When looking at examples of other analysis research papers, I stumbled upon one titled “Intimate Terrors: Changing Representation of Structural Violence Against Women in Malayali Cinema” written by a fourth-year undergraduate student (Rajiv Menon) at The George Washington University. In this analysis research paper, Menon uses an objective tone in discussing “Bollywoodization”, a byproduct of globalization and migration in the late 1900s that redefined Indian media to be more Western, engaging, and transnational. This piece included all conventions of an analysis research paper–not including opinions frequently, using the present tense and MLA, being concise, easy to read, and logical, and using reliable sources. Also, reading this example piece gave me some really insightful information on my own paper that I will be using 🙂

Although in my opinion it isn’t the most exciting, I think this genre will allow me to really collect solid evidence for the podcast I want to create so I’m looking forward to dive deeper into this subject.

Intro to Genre: Podcast Scripts

As a member of Gen Z, one of my favorite modes of story-telling is through podcasts. Between podcasts like Serial and Dissect (more of a general, informative, thought-provoking style perfect for family road trips) to ones like Call Her Daddy, Morbid, and Tiny Meat Gang (which have a little more of a … defined audience), podcasts certainly have a large scope that captures most, if not all, demographics of society. Regardless of a podcast’s length or content, in my opinion they are an engaging way of conveying a message to your audience. For certain discussions, I think being able to hear a speaker’s passion and listen to them actually vocalize and explain their thoughts is really helpful. For my own project, since it is personal and a little hard to properly explain over text ( it has a lot to do with culture and my own experiences), a podcast could be an interesting medium to explore. The genre I am choosing, however, is the prelude to the podcast, a podcast script. I think that by navigating my thoughts through a podcast script, I will have more effectiveness and clarity in the message I want to convey from my origin piece.

After doing some research, I’ve been able to collect some information regarding certain conventions of podcast scripts. Below, I’ve listed some tips I’ve read about:

1.Make your script “invisible”

Even though you’re scripting your podcast to avoid it sounding messy when it’s recorded, make sure it doesn’t actually sound scripted when you speak. Podcasts are meant to be conversational, friendly, and natural, and reading off a defined script can ruin that experience. That being said…

2. Make your script conversational and written for the ear, not the eye!

The script should be easy to read so when you’re recording, you don’t slip up! Capitalize written words for emphasis. Write out words that are difficult to pronounce. Bold out different speakers. Read out your script to make sure you can breathe a little, your ideas and wording are clear and conversational.

3.Pay attention to rhythm.

Write sentences shortly and make sure they flow well when you read it out loud. Yet, also make sure there’s some variety, because in any conversation, having no variety in sentence length makes you feel like you’re talking to a robot.

4.Follow some general script elements.

Include a standard podcast opening (includes thanking your sponsors, production team, etc.) and move into an introduction to introduce a topic and any guests. At the end, use the standard podcast closing as shown by your production company.

5. Write out things you normally wouldn’t. 

Similar to above guidelines, make sure you write like you speak. Use contractions, shorter sentences (even fragments!), easy words, and everyday lingo. Even consider writing out certain symbols to make it easier to read: for example, instead of writing out 10,000 mm, write “ten thousand millimeters”. Similarly, write out acronyms and abbreviations! Also, don’t use parentheses since they don’t exist in spoken language.

6. Avoid the passive voice.

It’s just that. Don’t use a passive voice, you’ll just sound annoying.

7. Format the script clearly and to avoid mistakes.

Use a large, clear font and space your lines 1.5. Break pages at the ends of passages and number lines! This will make it easier to read.

8. Consider a who, what, when, why, how in your story, and how you will engage interviewees, research, recorded noises, production.

Like any story, make sure your script has purpose to it. It’s important you make sure you’re conveying all the information you want to in your podcast to get your content across clearly! Yet, podcast scripts also will include some references to interviewees, the research you’ve done, and certain sound clips you will play. All of these are noted throughout the script so the entire production process can move swiftly.

Here are some snippets off of a podcast script I used from an NPR Training Article, “What does a radio script look like?”. Here, you can see the speaker’s part’s written out in grey. There are some sounds indicated by <<crossfade…>>, and <<OBAMA>> (indicating his speech and its duration). Additionally, other speakers are bolded to make a distinction from the main.

In addition, this script includes contractions, conversational dialogue, and wording that is easy to follow. It is also formatted clearly and visibly to avoid mistakes.

I’m excited to explore this genre more and start working to turn my origin piece into a podcast script. I think it will give me a lot of creativity in voicing my thoughts.

Introduction to Genre: Satire

School Shooter Thankfully Stopped Before Doing Enough Damage To Restart National Gun Debate.

Imagine seeing this headline anywhere. How do you initially react? What feelings take over you? What thoughts run through your mind? Horror? Disappointment? Anger? How about extrospection and reflection on the current state of guns in modern America? How about the school shooting epidemic that has plagued this country for far too long?

These questions are the aftershock of satire.

I took this headline from The Onion, a satirical online newspaper, when looking for examples of startling menippean satire. Obviously, the article isn’t actually thankful for the actions of school shooters and doesn’t truly believe that they were all “certainly glad that the shooter was only able to kill two students…before law enforcement arrived and prevented it from becoming a full-blown national dialogue.” Obviously, the article isn’t actually thankful that a similar shooting “at least didn’t occur in a school”, and that it “wasn’t quite enough…to cause…any protests or plunge the nation into another week of discussing what we should do.” 

Rather, this satire is meant to be an uncomfortably startling piece of dark humor that urges the reader to think–and think critically–about the topics it addresses. By making light of the horrific reality the US sees in shootings, the reader is forced to think about the lack of initiative our government has taken to alleviate gun policy, regardless of the lives lost. Sadly, this is mirrored in The Onion article.

The reason I am interested in writing satire for my Genre X is because it gives me the ability to address a serious issue in a light-hearted, sarcastic manner that takes people by surprise. Satire, a long-lasting type of social commentary, allows readers to see the reality of problems in society by masking it as dark comedy. Satire also brings readers in since it is a form of entertainment, but also hits home with real issues. I did some research on a website focused on literary terms to learn more about creating my own satire. 

The genre relies on these two pillars: 1) making fun of a person, idea, or institutions and 2) to entertain, but also to inform or make people think. Whether the piece is constructed as a The Onion article, or lyrics to a Weird Al Yankovic song, or political cartoons, these two goals are always accomplished. 

I think satire would be a great genre to fit in my origin piece, a discussion of the sexualization of Indian women in Bollywood film (based around my rhetorical analysis of a Bollywood music video). In my origin piece, I discuss how this video does not fit in with the standards that normal, everyday Indian women face. This perpetuates rape culture in India and the subordination of women. Growing up in America with an Indian heritage–somewhat being thrown between both cultures in my growth as a young woman–this topic is very personal to me. I think that exposing the unfortunate truths of media and society there through satire would be an extremely relatable and accessible way for my American peers to understand this situation. 

Introducing Me

Hey guys! My name is Sunitha Palat and I’m from Long Island, NY. I’m in the business school at Michigan but I’m not sure what I’ll be studying yet. In my free time, I love to hang out with my friends, watch Netflix (especially Parks and Rec, Arrested Development) and listen to music. I like going out but also love a night in! Message me if you’re looking for a roommate!

…So, did my last sentence throw you off? Or did you already think I was pretty basic from just the first few sentences of my introduction? A year and a half ago, I was that incoming freshman scheming to find a roommate–a cool, fun friend–to begin my journey through college with. Yet, looking back on these formulaic introductions, I realized that many did not describe who a person was at all. I like going out, but also love a night in! Who doesn’t?

When I put my identity into the University of Michigan Class of 2022 Facebook group, I tried my best to be unique. I avoided the cliches as best as I could and tried to tell it how it is. Yet after a wonderful freshman year of self-exploration and discovery, growth, learning, and shaping experiences (side note, I promise I’m not dramatic), I think I’ll be able to describe my identity to you all slightly better.

Hello all, my name is Sunitha Palat. I’m a hesitant and nervous, yet also assured and confident business/marketing major from Long Island, a place I loved growing up, but now see as a white-majority bubble that did not allow me a truly diverse upbringing. In the time away from schoolwork and attempting to work towards my career, I love surrounding myself with those who I love. On campus, I’ve found a great friend group who supports me, makes me laugh, and really has brought out my best self. With them, I’ve had the best nights of my life.

In addition, I am a music (listening) afiando specializing in indie, and indie with hip-hop elements. I would die for Frank Ocean, Yellow Days, Tame Impala…the list goes on. Side note, the happiest moment of my life was listening to “Let It Happen” by Tame Impala at a festival while under the stars with confetti cannons shooting out as the bass dropped (while being surrounded by my best friends). I love to surf Spotify–I often call it my favorite social media platform–organize my feelings into playlists, and stalk my friends to see what music they’ve been listening to. 

Like most other girls, I generally have a soft spot for the quirky things in life like small bookstores, vinyl records, and plaid pants. I’m also a huge foodie and reference 30% of my life on Yelp. That being said, if anyone needs food recommendations in Ann Arbor let me know

The reason I’m here though was a large part of the self-discovery I made during my freshman year. As I immersed myself in filling course requirements, trying to apply for clubs and positions to help a marketing career, and try to find a place in the quickly paced atmosphere of Ross, I found myself missing the chance to write. From the stories I wrote in elementary school to the academic arguments I so carefully crafted in English 125, the act of writing has always allowed me solace and the ability to really express my thoughts in ways words cannot do for me. I applied to the minor in hopes of finding a community who feels the same, and with which I can develop my personal passions.

I’m very excited to begin this journey with the Sweetland Center to refine my personal and professional writing capabilities and to get to know all of you even more!